Jaundice yellowing of the skin Swelling — Fluid retention Stunted growth close the growth plates in the long bones and permanently stunt their growth Increase in bad cholesterol levels Decrease in good cholesterol levels Mood swings Increase in feelings of hostility Increase in aggressive behavior Laws and penalties for anabolic steroid abuse Concerns over a growing illicit market, abuse by teenagers, and the uncertainty of possible long-term effects of steroid use led Congress in to place anabolic steroids as a class of drugs into Schedule III of the Controlled Substances Act CSA.
Under this legislation, anabolic steroids are defined as any drug or hormonal substance, chemically and pharmacologically related to testosterone other than estrogens, progestins, and corticosteroids that promotes muscle growth. The possession or sale of anabolic steroids without a valid prescription is illegal.
If this is the second felony drug offense, the maximum period of imprisonment and the maximum fine both double. While the above listed penalties are for federal offenses, individual states have also implemented fines and penalties for illegal use of anabolic steroids.
State executive offices have also recognized the seriousness of steroid abuse and other drugs of abuse in schools.
For example, The State of Virginia enacted a new law that will allow student drug testing as a legitimate school drug prevention program.
Additional states and individual school districts are considering implementing similar measures. Major League Baseball, National Basketball Association, National Football League NFLand National Hockey League have banned the use of steroids by athletes, both because of their potential dangerous side effects and because they give the user an unfair advantage.
|Steroids loom in major-college football, report says||Rules vary so widely that, on any given game day, a team with a strict no-steroid policy can face a team whose players have repeatedly tested positive.|
|A Guide for Parents and School Officials||In an act of desperation, Smash turned to steroids. He became irritable, angry, and frustrated.|
|Statistics and Trends||
|Steroid Use Among High School Athletes - Global Sports Development||
The IOC and professional sports leagues use urine testing to detect steroid use both in and out of competition. Common types of steroids abused The illicit anabolic steroid market includes steroids that are not commercially available in the U.
Steroids that are commercially available in the U. Veterinary steroids that are commercially available in the U.
Other steroids found on the illicit market that are not approved for use in the U. Steroid alternatives A variety of non-steroid drugs are commonly found within the illicit anabolic steroid market.
These substances are primarily used for one or more of the following reasons: Examples of drugs serving as alternatives to anabolic steroids include clenbuterol, human growth hormone, insulin, insulin-like growth factor, and gamma-hydroxybutyrate GHB.
Examples of drugs used to treat the short-term adverse effects of anabolic steroid abuse are erythropoietin, human chorionic gonadotropin HCGand tamoxifen.
Also, diuretics and uricosuric agents may be used to mask steroid use. The following chart illustrates how masking is accomplished: Drug Group How drug masks steroid use Uricosuric Agents Decreases entry of steroids into the urine Diuretics Dilutes steroid concentration in the urine Epitestosterone Decreases Testosterone to Epitestosterone ratio Reduces detection of testosterone usage Over the last few years, a number of metabolic precursors to either testosterone or nandrolone have been marketed as dietary supplements in the U.
These dietary supplements can be purchased in health food stores without a prescription. Some of these substances include androstenedione, androstenediol, norandrostenedione, norandrostenediol, and dehydroepiandtrosterone DHEAwhich can be converted into testosterone or a similar compound in the body.The Use of Steroids in Athletics and its Effects on Athletes According to Merriam-Webster dictionary, an athlete is defined as “a person who is trained or skilled in exercises, sports, or games requiring physical strength, agility, or stamina.”.
Athletes and Steroid Use Essay Words | 6 Pages. dominated by sports. Out of all of these sports baseball is considered to be America's pastime. (Steroid Abuse Moves Into the Scholastic Arena, ) It is reported that 6% of athletes have used steroids, but the actual number is thought to be much higher.
(Abuse, ) It’s important to note that not all steroid use is by athletes.
Some steroid use is from . Doping Rises Among High Schoolers, but Few Districts Test Doping Rises Among High Schoolers, but Few Districts Test Have CollegeVine review your college essay within 48 hours.
It was a 21 percent jump in body mass, a tremendous gain that far exceeded what researchers have seen in controlled, short-term studies of steroid use by athletes.
Alzado died of brain cancer in This essay will also support the claim that the professional sports industry needs to eliminate steroid use and set a good example for younger athletes.
Over one million American seek short cuts to larger muscles and greater endurance with anabolic steroids and other performance enhancing drugs.